World building is more than just a guide in building the world of your story. It is basically the essence and foundation of science fiction or fantasy story as well as the basis of sense of place in all other genres. A good world building leads to richness in your writing while giving your readers valuable information that they have to know and understand about your characters and the plot lines. This then raises the question of how the writers must carry on in their world building? In order to become more aware of this, we will split it into three major points which is imaginary worlds, alternate reality and actual locations.
When it comes to imaginary world, the entire fictional universes is constructed mainly in basis of fantasy genres while in alternate reality, the details of our world is re-envisioned which is quite popular to a lot of science fiction writers and last, actual locations wherein the invocation of real places of our world is used in the novels minus fantasy elements.
Creating an imaginary world is one of the most challenging and daunting types of world-building. In most cases, it is what used in science fiction and fantasy where the writer is thinking of everything in their world from the very start which can be anything from geography, lore, language, history, characters, politics, religion and social customs.
It is understandable that the thought of creating all of these elements in forming the entire fictional world could be daunting and stressful and deciding where to begin with the story is nearly impossible. If you want some inspiration, you can look at some of the universes built by famous authors such as J.R.R Tolkien, J.K. Rowling and many other great writers/authors.
Obviously, not all writers have the ability or capacity to create a functional and fictional language but budding world builders could still follow the prior authors as a start. As a matter of fact, there is a technique that can b used in building your imaginary world and that is by finding which aspect you are fond the most. It is best that you focus on this element as it will help you in building your story and world from there.
Once you get the hang of it, starting to work out the details and other information will become easier. One way of doing this is by asking a set of question related to different elements of your world. Do this exercise as if you’re describing your country or home to someone else who knows totally nothing about it.